Constantinapole under Istanbul

We all know icebergs; we see a small part of an iceberg on the surface of water. We can realise that it is a giant when we see the bottom part of the iceberg. Istanbul is the same. Constantinapole is under the modern part of the city. The archeaologist still are discovering new tunnels and new cisterns under Istanbul.

According to the last news, some archeaologists discovered a cistern that has links to other underground cisterns. It means that there is an another Constantinapole under Istanbul. We have already legends of Constantinapole and it is so hard to imagine that you can think of the first undersea passage. Topkapı Palace was built on the great palace of Byzantines, you can see some secret ways to cisterns of this old palace today.

Istanbul is the center of history. It is accepted by all tourism authorities. You can visit Istanbul to travel in time till the capital of Byzantines.

Underground tunnels of Istanbul
Underground tunnels of Istanbul

St. Sophia: The great cultural heritage of world

If you hadn’t seen St.Sophia in Istanbul, you wouldn’t have discovered real history indeed. History of Christianty is related to development of Constantinapole and Nicea because Christianty and Holy Bible became universal with councils of Constantinapole and Nicea.

St.Sophia is avery important figure in Christianty because it is still the biggest church of Orthodox world and also it is one of the holy churches of Christian world. StSophia was built three times. It was the last church and you can see the remains of other churches next to St.Sophia. First church was built with wooden roof and it was burned by an uprising in the city. Second one was also collapsed during Nika rebellion in 532. According to the legend, Emperor Justinanius saw the architecture of new church in his dream. So he had this church built up to this plan. It was opened in 537. There are secret tunnels and graves under the new St.Sophia.

St.Sophia is like a time capsule because it has features from every period. The dome was just rebuilt after the earthquake. It has the biggest dome and it was replaced on big walls. It was ruined by Crusaders during IV. Crusader campaign.

After the conquest of the city by Turks, St.Sophia was rebuilt as a mosque till the republic of Turkey was founded. It was converted into a museum in 1936.

You can feel the rituals of crownings and spirit of Byzantines. Also you can feel the violence by witnessing the grave of Latin commander inside the St.Sophia. It is exactly true place to travel in time.

St.Sophia Museum

Interior of St.Sophia Museum

Underground Cistern: A time machine in Istanbul

Cisterns were the most important buildings of a Byzantine city because they were built in order to keep the water. They were constructed in huge scales. Underground cistern is one of them but except the big ones, there were other cisterns under the other buildings. They were built in small scale. They were vital for a city surrounded by walls.

In the same time they can be considered as the wonders of Roman engineering. It is told that tunnels were constructed between the imperial buildings. Underground cistern is a place that was built between 527 and 565. It is like a time capsule for the city. It hides some features from various ages. The pillars and sculptures are architectural items especially Medusa head.

Underground Basilica

Sardes: the city where financial systems were born

Monetary Fund and Finance are two economical models that shape our present. We never seperate any event from monetary system so our life is strictly related to money and finance. Do you know how everything started? I am gonna bring you to Sardes where money was born.

Sardes was the capital of Lydian Empire. It is located in Manisa province of Turkey in present. Before that period, trade-that exchange was basis- was used. Lydians pressed coins and money was used. They created a monetary system. Financial systems have an important location in our life since this period.

This is the story of finance in history briefly.

Sardes city

Alexander the Great: Conquerer of the world

Alexander the Great was one of the first world emperors of ancient era. He dreamt his future and decided to build his own empire. He started his military campaign from Small Asia (today’s Çanakkale) and conquered almost whole Asia and North Africa.

If we could travel in time and wanted to go that period, probably you would face a developed Greek civilization and powerful army of Alexander. He came to Gordion (today’s Central Anatolia). There was a knot that couldn’t be untied for a long time. According to the myth, the person-who would achieve this goal- would be the conquerer of the world. He did it by his sword. Then he established his world empire. Oracle became true. That could be interesting to witness that scene.

I recommend you to imagine it.

Alexander the Great

Cleopatra was here

One of the most powerful queens of ancient era Cleopatra was one of the visitors that came to this landscape. Tarsus was one of the important Roman cities because it was a busy port.

Cleopatra and Roman general Antonius were lovers. She came to Tarsus in order to meet her lover Antonius. Cleopatra entered the city from that gate.

Cleopatra gate in Mersin
Cleopatra: The legendary queen of ancient Egypt

Beauty Contest on Mt.Ida

We have an interesting epic that first beauty contest that has ever been known was organised on Mt.Ida ( It is in Çanakkale province of Turkey). Aphrodite, Hera and Athena were the goddess’ and shepherd Paris was the jury.

According to the myth, goddess of chaos Eris left an apple to be given to the most beautiful goddess in the wedding ceremony of Peleus and Thetis. All of the gods and goddess’ were invited except goddess of chaos Eris. So she got furious. So she did it.

Aphrodite; the symbol of a woman beauty

Zeus decided to arrange a beauty contest. Aphrodite, Hera and Athena attended the contest. Shepherd Paris chose Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.

Aphrodite can be seen on Mt.Ida ( Mt.Kaz today).

Ephesus: the great moment of ancient era

Ephesus is one of the most important ancient sites of Turkey because it is one of the a few cities that symbolizes the bright days of Western Anatolia. We can see a structure that is alike today’s cities. There are sections for wealthy public of the city and the common areas for whole Ephesus society. The wealhty section had private baths and fountains.

The most interesting point is that the city was settled on the shore once upon a time. Briefly it was a coastal site but it is inside the land today due to the delta formation. There is no connection to the coast in present. While having a tour on the streets of Ephesus, you can feel the bright days of the city. When you approach port, you can feel the winds and ships that were docked. There are still Ephesus traders in shops of the city. You can dream the busy streets of the ancient site.

Ephesus Celsius library front side

I recommend you to visit Ephesus for a rich history.

Troy: the biggest war trick

We all know that Troy was the destination where one of the most legendary wars was existed. It was so big that the biggest navy was gathered and they attacked Troy even Aschilles. Princess Paris kidnapped Helen to Troy and the war was declared. It had lasted for 10 years. It finished with the war trick. Greeks built a wooden horse and they left it on the sand. Indeed some Greek soldiers were hidden inside to attack Troy in the good time. Greeks hoped Troians to take it to the city and they did it. At the same night, Greek soldiers waited Troians to finish their celebration and Troy was invaded by Greeks.

Troy horse replica

Indeed we can talk more on this event. But it is the short form of the event. Even today, it was accepted as one of the legendary wars of history. You can understand the atmosphere and see Aschilles there even in present.

Troy museum is waiting for your visits to see this magnificent history in Çanakkale. Don’t forget to greet Aschilles or Helen of Troy.

Göbeklitepe: Great land of all times

Göbeklitepe is an ancient site that tells us many stories from 10.000 years ago. It has an holy atmosphere even with remains in present.

Göbeklitepe has the biggest and oldest temples of ancient era. According to the remains, it was one of the biggest religious centers nearby Mesopotamia. Due to its location on Silk Road, the trade was developed. The temples were so big that thousands of people could gather.

The biggest mystery on Göbeklitepe is the founder society of the city.

the oldest temple of the history