Istanbul Archeology Museums

Istanbul Archeology Museum

Istanbul Archeology Museums complex is the first modern archeology museum in Turkey. As it is formed of three sections ( Archeology museum, Old Eastern cultures and Pavilion with tiles), it is named as Istanbul Archeology Museums.

It was opened in 1880’s and Osman Hamdi Bey who was the founder of modern archeology in Turkey was the most important person in order to develop the museum branch. Thanks to efforts of Osman Hamdi Bey, the archeological items were banned to export them to abroad. They were being exhibited in Istanbul.

A column head from ancient era

The archeological items starting from earlier ages to Ottoman culture are being exhibited in different sections.One of the most attractive sections is the Egyptian mummies’ section. It is an interesting experience.

A mummy from Istanbul Archeology Museums

In addition to this sector,we can see the emperor tombs and sarcophagus’. Sculptures from the ancient sites were brought here.

It is located at the historical peninsula of Istanbul. It is a great museum for history lovers.

Bodrum Archeology of Underwater Museum

Bodrum Fortress

Turkey is one of the countries where archeology can be a star scientific branch. In addition to ground archeology, underwater archeology is also important for Turkey due to its location in history. The items of underwater archeology are being exhibited in a museum that was founded in Bodrum underwater museum.

The oldest sunken of the museum

This museum is formed of various halls such as British hall and German hall. Those towers of the fortress are halls of the museum. There are different sections in the museum. Those are about some ancient sunken ships and amphora exhibitions. As we know that the goods such as olive oil and wine were transported in those amphoras.

Amphora section

The oldest sunken ship was dated back to earlier ancient era.Of course it is the replica of the vessel. Also we can see every sort of archeological items that were unearthed in Bodrum including Turkish bath and jewellery.

A relief of ancient era

Also dungeon of the fortress is very impressive because this place is described as “the place that God never exists”. It is a classical middle age dungeon.

Briefly it is one of the worth visiting museums of Turkey.

Karain cave: A cave of human history

Karain cave’s panorama

Caves are the first homes of mankind. We can come across traces of human being development inside the caves. Antalya – Turkish Riviera- is one of the luckiest regions for this point. Karain cave is one of the places where we can see human being development.

Karain cave

It is one of the biggest natural caves where the residence had been for centuries. Starting from prehistoric age, the settlement had been inside the cave till ancient era. There used to be a temple inside also a relief in Greek was found. There is a museum for Karain Cave items near the cave. Antalya Archeological Museum is the place where they are exhibited.

If you have any opportunity to visit Antalya , don’t forget to schedule Karain cave visit.

Nora ancient site:A military base in Small Asia

Nora ancient site

Central Anatolia was a busy resident area in ancient era. The ancient site that were unearthed are the proof of this theory. Nora or Mokissos ancient site was one of them.

It was built in Hellenistic era. It was a military base in Central region. On the other hand, it was named as Mikossos. The city was well preserved and protected. In the same time, there were churches in the site. There used to be a necropolis around the site. The site was abandoned in 8th century BC.

Nora ancient site

Hell gate caves; Caves of Mythology and early Christians

Hell gate caves panorama

We are traveling to Black Sea region. The natural structure of black sea offers us many opportunities to travel in time. Hell gate caves are one of the opportunities we mention. Those caves are located in Zonguldak province of Turkey.

Those caves are formed of three caves. They were the home of early Christians. The caves were used as secret praying facilities. The caves had also necessary facilities such as cistern and churches. In addition to Christian history, those caves have importance for mythological history. We can see traces of Roman and Byzantine period . According to mythology, this is the gate of the deaths’ land and this is the home of hellhounds Cerberus. Heracles had a mission to take Cerberus from deaths’ land. Also it is known that it was one of the oracle centers of ancient era.

A view from Hell gate caves

Those caves are worth seeing places to travel in time. It is a great place for touristic purposes at the same time.

Arsemia: the summer capital of Commagene Empire

A relief from Arsemia ancient site

Commagene Empire was one of the states that Small Asia hosted. It was an important culture so they left us a great heritage for us such as Mt.Nemrut.

Arsemia ancient site was the summer capital and ruling center. Arsemia was founded by the founder of Commagene Arsames. It was founded on the edge of rivers and this site had fertile soils. Also there used to be a monument for the father of Emperor Antiochos I (Mithridathes Kalinikos).

A view of Arsemia ancient site

Also there used to be a cistern. The relief that is above describes the figure that Mithridathes Kalinikos (the father of Antiochos I) is shaking hand with Hercules Heracles. Also we can see the some codes on the surface of rock.

It is located in Adıyaman province of Turkey and is across the old Katha fortress.

Caves of Zey: Homes of early Christians

Small Asia was the geographical destination where Christianity grew up. Apostles visited here and promulgated Christianity in whole peninsula. Thanks to their effort, Christianity was shaped here.

Around Zey village of Adıyaman province, we see the caves that were houses of early Christians. Indeed they weren’t showy as Cappadocia but they survived here.

We can find traces of early Christians in various places.

Rock tombs of Sun God Helios

Haydaran Rock Tombs

This is the monumental rock tombs in Adıyaman province. This is the place that has a magnificent scenery.

Those rock tombs were built by carving the rocks. In addition to rock tombs, a relief was the attractive ones. King Antiochos shook hand with Sun God Helios. This was a sample of few monuments.

The relief that Antiochos and God Helios shook at the site

Perre ancient site and rock tombs

Perre ancient site

It is one of the less known ancient sites of Turkey. It is as important as Ephesus because it was one of the religious centers of ancient era.

It was one of five ancient sites of Commagene Kingdom. This site was famous for water springs nearby the city. Romans reported that it was a beautiful land with water springs. Perre site was one of the sites that sent delegate to Nicea for Bible assembly in Byzantine period. It was a busy stop point for traders and travelers. Also the graves were built by carving the rocks.

Perre ancient site

It is located in the border of Adıyaman province. It is one of the worth visiting places in Turkey.

Roman and Byzantine graves in a state field

The panorama of the land

Some of the archeological sites are in state fields. There are Roman and Byzantine graves in a state field that is used by agriculture and livestock ministry.

There are damaged Roman and Byzantine graveyards. Also the graveyards were built with layers. It is thought that this land was a necropolis in the ancient era.

This land has a historical background.