Eastern Anatolia is the landscape that hides very valuable heritage. One of them is a church that was built on a peak of a hill. Due to its location, it was named as fortress by local people.
According to the historical sources, it was built around 1000 AD. It was a big church and it has an archeological value. We don’t have sufficient information on the site due to insufficient archeological work. It was collapsed by an earthquake. There are similar buildings in Ani ancient site and Armenia.
This church is in Erzurum province and it is the heritage of Turkish culture.
Turkey is the country of underground treasures as much as historical treasures. Caves are important components of Turkish landscape. There is an interesting cave structure in Eastern Turkey ( Elazığ).
Ice cave is one of the interesting caves of Turkey. There are ice structures on the walls of the cave. It has its own natural ecosystem. It is one of a few cave systems in the world. Those ice structures are sold in summer months.
Urartu civilization is one of the main characters of this landscape. Eastern Anatolia was the main land of Urartu state. One of the masterpieces of Urartu is in Elazığ province of Turkey. This fortress is known as Harput Fortress;
This fortress was built in 8th century BC by Urartu State. After Urartu period, Persians dominated the region. Byzantine Empire had dominated the region till 11th century AD and it was known as Kharpete. Then Turkish domination had arrived the region.
According to the legends, there used to be a lack of water while constructing the fortress. So Urartu king ordered to use milk in soil mixture.
The fortress was built as a settlement complex inside the building. The original features were kept despite of many reconstructions in history.