Small Asia communities were famous for philophosers. Some of them were female philophosers. One of them was Aspasia of Miletus. She was born in Miletus then she moved to Athens. She lived in Athens.
She was known as teacher of Socrates. She tought philosophy at the school of Socrates. She had an affair with commander Pericles. Socrates stated that she had prepared persuasive speeches for commander Pericles.
Constantinople was the biggest metropolitan cities of the ancient period. There were various nations in Constantinople such as Genoese traders. They had autonomous zone in the city. They were residing and trading in this zone. It was surrounded by a wall.
After the conquest of the city by Ottoman Empire, Genoese zone lost its autonomy and united to Istanbul. By the time, the Genoese walls collapsed and vanished. Only a tower remained from this wall. Galata tower was one of the towers in Genoese wall.
Seagulls are one of the residences of Istanbul. We can consider them as the symbol of the city. Wherever you go on the shore, you can see the seagulls everywhere. Actually they are feeding by fish but due to pollution, fish population got less in recent years. So they become more addictive to human being. For example, you can see many seagulls flying around ferries. Their purpose is to catch bread or simit slices. We share our simits and breads with seagulls.
Seagulls are the natural residences of this city. We can honour them by protecting their environment. And also respect shouldn’t be forgotten.
Tourism is a mixture of some branches and culture. Also culture has a diversity inside the subject. Briefly if tourism of a country works well, it means that the management of culture and other branches work very well. Having a tool such as historical background is a gift but the most important thing is to manage them up to the benefit of the country.
Some countries are very lucky for the fundamental of tourism. Turkey is one of them. We have historical background, multi-cultural structure and hospitality. The disadvantage we have is (sometimes) to be lack of management of those tools. Also tourism is one of the top sectors that are affected from international and economical events in the world. We can state that it is a very sensitive sector. The most important tool we have is the reputation of the country. Investing in tourism means to be flexible and open-minded. Any obstacle can interrupt the works of tourism. Tolerance for other cultures and other people is the another key tool of tourism. Especially the religious tourism is one of the top branches in Turkey. Thus belief have a deep diversity in the world. Every culture has good and bad sides. So we should evaluate them in an objective perspective. Natural beauties are the most important tools of a country not only for tourism and also for environment protection. Turkish Republic have all of those tools. Even domestic tourism can be so perfect that our citizens can be an expert of publicity. It requires investment and education. At least we have a great hospitality in our country.
History is a time period which records the events and everything that affects the life. We find out the events and characters from the historical records. That’s why our cultural legacy is very important. According to the records, we had many powerful characters. Roman Emperors are starring. We can list Alexander the Great and Egytpian Queen Cleopatra and more. Isn’t it enough to state those names to show the importance of this landscape?
Turkish landscape offers you more opportunity. Discover Turkey and explore tourism….
Water has been the basic element for life since the beginning of the life. Human being should have found out how to control the water in order to create huge settlements. We have found out some methods for this purpose. Roman Empire can be considered as the dominant of water. Ancient Greeks and the Small Asia communities had built systems to control water. The scale of those sites isn’t as huge as today but when we compare the past, they were giant projects.
Our ancient sites are almost 2000 years old or older than this period. They have hints on the water engineering. According to our last information provided from archeaological excavations, those sites have water channel systems that are still functioning. Sewage systems are also included in those systems. Even tough, they are older than 2000 years old, they are functioning perfectly at present. Starting from supplying water from the spring (it can be far away from the settlement area), every process is very impressive. The water was used for ordinary life and also for other purposes such as the hot springs and health. We can see traces of those great systems in those sides.
Some of those systems are so developed that even today it isn’t easy to understand how they were calculated and built. The water aquadects were the most important tools that had the principle of gravity. They have adorable engineering.
Briefly ancient period wasn’t a poor period. The proves tell us that they had a very high knowledge level. Even today we still use some principles.
The historical Haydarpaşa train station is one of the monuıments in Istanbul. It is located at the Asian minor in Kadıköy county. It was built by Germans as a train station. It was put into service in 1908. It was the beginning of line to Ankara and eastern region. After the republic was established, Railway Management of Turkish Republic took over the management. Still it is one of the regional head offices of Railway Management. Top of the building was damaged due to a fire in recent years.
According to the project of it was decided to decorate it as a hotel but it coulnd’t be done. It is the archeaological site today. The ruins of ancient Chalcedon site were unearthed. Still many new hints on Istanbul history are being unearthed.
Troy and Trojan war became famous thanks to Homer’s Iliada and Greeks’ historical records. It was thought that Trojan war and Troy were fantasy. Although the records describe us a great wealthy site and a legendary war, we couldn’t have concrete proves on them for centuries.
A treasure hunter who grew up with the story of them came to Ottoman Empire. He excavated all ancient site (with damages). At least finally he discovered that this site could be Troy. He found some traces from the ancient site and the legendary war of Troy. The appearence is that Troy and Trojan war are true. This point makes this site special because a historical story became true. Troy was the place where the history became a real body.
When we think of female existence in history, Amzons will be starring in history. I have published many articles on Amazons. This time my purpose is to honour those female Iskit warriors. Briefly they are originally Turks.
There wasn’t any special day for females. Even they were considered as second class human mostly. But Amazon warriors were the first class warriors. They had their own lifestyle. Mostly man had no place in it. We know that they had a deep impact in ancient period culture. Even it was believed that Achilles fell in love with Amazon queen after he killed her.
They were special warriors. It is believed that they had a bad manner against men’s world. It is possible to state that they were trying to survive in a world that is full of violence.
Female warriors’ legacy is still living on Anatolia peninsula…..
Troy ancient site has always been famous for centuries thanks to Homer’s Iliada. It was thought that Troy and legendary were fantasy. A German treasure hunter who grew up with this story came to Anatolia. It was his dream. It seems that the treasure of Troy was his dream. He couldn’t realise the archeaological value of Troy. He didn’t care the structure of Troy. Actually he achieved to unearth the legendary site but also he damaged the site. Finally he achieved to find the treasure but he rejected to share the findings with Turkish government. His purposes were to have a fame and make a fortune with them. His name was Heinrich Schliemann. Despite his efforts, he couldn’t sell the treasure to famous museums of Europe. He gave them to Berlin Museum. The findings were at Berlin Museum till WW2. It was told that Russian troops ruined the Berlin Museum and the treasure was taken as war compensation from Germany. They are still in Russia.
While finding the treasure, Schliemann damaged the layers. Unfortunately Troy ancient site lost some features. Despite the efforts for years, some stages can’t be explained with details.
Up to the principle, an archeaological finding should be exhibited where it was unearthed.
Achilles was one of the important warriors in Trojan war. He was a half god. He couldn’t be killed unless he was shot from his heel. When he was blessed with the holy water by Gods, only his heel didn’t touch the holy water. So his heel was his weak point.
By the way, he was a powerful warrior. Although King Agamennon couldn’t get along with him, he called Achilles for duty thanks to his war skills. He went to Troy and he had a great role in the war. He had an important mission in frontage. He was like a commander. He killed Prince Hector.
After the Trojan war, he was the hero of Greeks.
It can be a myth or real, we can’t say this certainly.