We know that every square meter of Turkey is full of history and different stories. Southern Eastern region of Turkey has a special location (a passage between east and west). That’s why we can come across important historical destinations such as Eğil county of Diyarbakır province.
Diyarbakır has been one of the important destinations in the name of history. Eğil county is one of them. Eğil has important historical assets such as caves, an Assyrian fortress and a cave church. All of those assets have great historical background.
Finally a cave church which is around 1600 years old will be opened for tourism. It is holy for Christians because we come across every sort of cross figures on the cave walls. Also it is thought that two prophets who are accepted by Quran were buried here. Briefly it is an important destination for religious tourism.
It has been mentioned for several times; There are many unearthed ancient sites under the soil in Turkey. According to the historical records, many sites that had very important for various goals had been existed then they were abonded. So their traces had gone.
A Roman site,Germenicia, is taking place in the historical records of Anatolia. Unfortunately it was lost till the close past. It is in the border of the province of K.Maraş which is located in southern region of Turkey. Firstly the mosaics were unearthed then the resaerches proved us that the mosaics belonged to Germenicia ancient site. The region where Germenicia ancient site was founded is a residental area at present. The archeaologists think that the great Germenicia will be unearthed if the archeaological excavation can be made at this site.
It is obvious that Germenicia ancient site can provide us great hints on Roman era. Some of the the priceless mosaics are being exhibited at K.Maraş Archeaological Museum.
Topkapı Palace had been the head palace of Ottoman Empire around for 500 years. It was built in 1460’s firstly. It was constructed on the hill which dominates the all straits and can see the continents Europe and Asia.
The history of this hill is dated back to Roman Empire age. Roman Emperors knew that it was a junction point of the world. So they built palaces on this hill. As we know that there used to be one of the biggest palaces of ancient era; Megalo Palacio. It was a mega palace. It was so huge that it covered up whole peninsula. Even today we can see the remain of this mega palace on the square of old town.
When the city was conquered by Ottomans, Sultan Mehmed II had a temporary palace constructed on Beyazıt district of Istanbul (there is an university on this site at present). Then he decided have a great palace built and he chose the hill that was chosen by Roman Emperors. So Topkapı Palace was being constructed on the mega palace of Byzantines.
Every sultan of Ottoman Empire added extra buildings to this palace complex so it got wider in the time.
That’s why we come across traces of Roman and Byzantine era while excavating Topkapı Palace complex. It had been reconstructed for many times, even the original baths that were dated back to 1460’s were unearthed.
The archeaologists are still unearthing the Roman and Byzantine traces during the excavations and reconstructions.
Small Asia communities were famous for philophosers. Some of them were female philophosers. One of them was Aspasia of Miletus. She was born in Miletus then she moved to Athens. She lived in Athens.
She was known as teacher of Socrates. She tought philosophy at the school of Socrates. She had an affair with commander Pericles. Socrates stated that she had prepared persuasive speeches for commander Pericles.
Before the COVID outbreak, hiring a boat or a special sort of local ship (Gulet) was one of the preffered travel modes but it was avaliable for high class society. Mostly the people didn’t think this mode very necessary. COVID outbreak changed this trend. Isolation became the most necessary rule and the people looked for alternative modes. So hiring a boat for a period became popular.
The boat tours such as blue voyage and Gulet tourism are more prefferable at present. As Turkish Republic is surrounded by three sides, it became more popular. But we can state that only Aegean sea and Mediterranean Sea tours are improving. Tours of Blacksea aren’t trendable right now due to the wild nature of Black Sea.
Gulets (A local ship especially on the shores of South western coasts of Turkey) are like economical yachts. When we talk about yachts, they are the ones which are worth millions of dollars. Gulets are symbols of Bodrum region. If you had an opportunity to experience a voyage, it would have never been forgotten.
Bosphorus (Istanbul Strait) has been very valuable for hundreds of years. It is one of the important straits of the world, even today. There are two fortress’ on each side of Bosphorus. They were built by Ottoman State before the conquest of the city.
One of them is Anatolian Fortress. It was constructed on the Anatolian side of the Bosphorus. Its task was to control Bosphorus against backup force for East Roman Empire with the co-operation of Rumeli Fortress. It was the first fortress around Bosphorus.
Fortress of European side (Rumeli fortress) is the another control point in order to stop backup forces for East Roman Empire. It is the one that is the biggest. When you look at the fortress with a bird view, we can see a special design for Rumeli Fortress. The construction of Rumeli Fortress has an interesting story. Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II made a deal with East Roman Emperor but he built this fortress bigger with some tricks. It worked because this fortress became a key point for the success.
Constantinople or Istanbul; It isn’t only a city or a resident place where human beings live. It is so special that a person who visits this city at any time, this person falls in love with here. It was the same in the past. When the city was named as Constantinople, we could see that various communities came to reside here including Vikings and Genoese community.
Various communities and religions have been living in harmony for thousands of years in this city. We can see some small struggles among the communities here but when we compare those struggles with ones in the world, we realize that they seem insignificant. The relations of those communities were based on respect and tolerance. Actually it should be the same today. We had less problems on this subject in the world thanks to respect. The poets and painters loved this city. We can find many art masterpieces that are based on Istanbul. There is a lovely emotion in the spirit of this city. The residents of this city were sometimes blind but it was obvious that they loved the site where they lived.
This spirit has been creating multi-cultural society for hunderds of years. We can see traces of Istanbul in art. Mostly the artists prefer to live in Istanbul as it used to be in the past.
Istanbul isn’t only a city, it is like a beloving friend……
Constantinople or Byzantiun were the sites that were surrounded by a city wall. This peninsula was the center of Roman empire and the world. There has been residence for thousands of years. The main capitol of Roman Empire and early times of Istanbul were the center. So the holy buildings and great masterpieces were built on that area. You can come across the most important buildings of the history in this area such as St.Sophia, the cisterns and the headquarter of Ottoman Empire; Topkapı Palace ( On the Megalo Palacio (Mega Palace)).
East Roman Emperors and Ottoman sultans constructed a mega city in different formats. So a combination of Christian and Islamic cultures formed here. In a wide time period, the city extended to outside of the city wall and modern Istanbul is being constructed..
At present, we can still come across traces of this multi-cultural stage.
Constantinople was the biggest metropolitan cities of the ancient period. There were various nations in Constantinople such as Genoese traders. They had autonomous zone in the city. They were residing and trading in this zone. It was surrounded by a wall.
After the conquest of the city by Ottoman Empire, Genoese zone lost its autonomy and united to Istanbul. By the time, the Genoese walls collapsed and vanished. Only a tower remained from this wall. Galata tower was one of the towers in Genoese wall.