Councils of Ephesus:

Council of Ephesus

Ephesus is another destination in our time travel. Because it was the another destination on Christianity history. The calendar was in AD 431 and the first council was held in Church of Mary. Another one was held in AD 449.

It was presided by Emperor Theodosius II. They were about the decision of Easter day and the rebellion of some priests including Flavian, the patriarch of Constantinople.

They were important conflicts on Christianity.

First council of Constantinople:

First council of Constantinople

Constantinople was the homeland of history also it was the center that Christianity was shaped and become an universal religion. We are going to travel first council of Constantinople that was held in 381.

It was presided by Emperor Theodosius I and it was one of the well-known councils of Christianity. Although the holy trinity was declared in Nicea, some churches continued to question of holy trinity. This council declared the holy trinity definitely.

We can see traces of those councils in old Constantinople.

First Council of Nicea:

Nicea: The first council (325)

We are traveling in time and we are going to year 325 and Nicea (today’s Iznik). We will attend the council of Nicea. It is named as the first council of Christianity. It was gathered by Emperor Constantine and its goal was to solve the problem of Eastern Church (Arianism). The holy trinity was declared in this council.

Nicea was one of the important sites because Christianity was shaped in council of Nicea.The equality of God and his son Jesus were declared.

Hasankeyf: The tragedy of a history


Sometimes time is cruel against the valuable things. We have this situation in Batman of Turkey. Hasankeyf is one of the ancient sites that have pages in history. First outstanding feature is that it was an important destination on Silk Road. It had a bridge that tied up two banks of Tigris river.

This ancient site is dated back to BC 8th century. It was a center where Christianity and Islam united. Many civilizations and empires dominated this site including Mongols and Muslim states. There are samples of early Muslim monuments in Mesopotamia.

A dam was being built on Tigris river and it will start to collect water soon. So Hasankeyf will be under this dam’s lake. This treasure will sink to the bottom. Although many archeologists try to save Hasankeyf, they will not be able to save it all.

Time is cruel for Hasankeyf, the empires had collapsed for many times. The dam will destroy this ancient site sooner.
Hasankeyf didn’t deserve this destiny and time travelers will understand it.


Ephesus: the ancient site that has the earliest ad

Ad of the whorehouse in Ephesus

We know that publicity and marketing are key tools for a successful management today. So ads are necessary tools for a today’s business world. It was the same in the past. It isn’t absolutely when it was built.

Ephesus ancient site has the earliest ad, this is the advertisement of a whorehouse. A footprint and the most famous whore were printed on the rock. It directed the potential customers to the whorehouse.

While having a tour in Ephesus, imagine that you are in that period. It can be interesting so traveling in time for that purpose can be more interesting to see the beauty of the era.

Don’t miss this ad if you visit Ephesus…

Aktopraklık ancient site: A new design for ancient era

The design of the ancient village

Anatolia is a landscape that it is possible to find an ancient settlement in any field. Today I will write a blog about an ancient village that was discovered nearby Bursa province of Turkey.

Aktopraklık ancient village was one of the early settlement unites on North Western Anatolia. It is guessed that it is around 8500 years old. The most outstanding feature of this unite is its design. It has an original design. It means that the development of human being started around this region.

If we can travel back to 8000 years, we are able to witness the great design of a village. It is located in South Eastern of Bursa.

This landscape is a time capsule itself.

Zeugma: the place where inhabitants smiled at us

The Gypsy Girl Mosaic

Zeugma is the ancient site where time stopped and the faces smiled at us. The most outstanding feature is that we have faces in Zeugma.

They aren’t dreams, they are faces of real people. Zeugma public left us their faces. We see them and they are looking at us.

Zeugma Mosaic Museum

Zeugma mosaic museum, the ancient site of Zeugma, is located in Gaziantep. It is the unique museum where you can meet inhabitants of Zeugma.

A god figure from Zeugma

Underground cities of Cappadocia; the hidden places of first Christians

Cappadocia underground city

As I mentioned before, Cappadocia has a historical value for all human being history. Not only the historical value, and also the religious importance in Christianity is another value of this place.

First Christians ran away from Roman Empire’s cruel approach to Christianity so they discovered that they could hide here and build new settlement areas due to the soft volcanic soil.

A simple plan of an underground city

It is thought that there are more than 100 underground cities in the region. Some of them are so deep that it isn’t possible to go down to the base due to danger. Those underground cities were built in order to live and to survive.We can even come across graves of those inhabitants. The churches were carved in the rock. Their defense systems were simple and attractive. Those cities were divided into sections and each sections had rolled stone gates. The passages were for one person so it was easy to stop the enemy under the ground.

We know that they had tough times and they were in alert every time. You can feel them when you go down through the underground city. They are real time capsules. You can find the remains of their life.

But pay attention please because if you have any illness such as clithrophobia and heart diseases, don’t attempt to enter there.

I have been there and I felt their souls in the tunnels. It is a real extreme experience.

A gate of an underground city

Caunos rock tombs of kings: A graveyard of a dynasty

Caunos rock tombs

Caunos is one of the most important ancient sites of Turkey because it was a capital that was between Karia and Lykian region. Caunos is located on Dalyan channel of Muğla province.

It is known that they were built in BC 4th century and they are the graveyards of a dynasty. Unfortunately they were damaged by tomb raiders in time period.

Dalyan channel

Dalyan is one of the most beautiful holiday resorts of Muğla province. It is famous for the daily boat tours on Dalyan channel. It is also one of the greatest nature beauties of Western Anatolia. Many famous ancient era characters lived and visited here.

Visit Caunos and Dalyan to travel in time and to enjoy in a great nature.

Smyrna: The city of Amazon queen

Smyrna ancient site – İzmir

Smyrna was one of the well known sites of ancient era. It is told that Smyrna was one of the Amazon queens and this city was built in the name of her. Today’s Izmir had a meaning with this historical background.

Amazon warrior figure

If you can travel in time, Amazons can be most interesting societies in ancient era. Their homeland was Small Asia. They had different life styles and public rules. Men didn’t have any place in the public, they were only servants.Only good warriors had the right to give birth. Girls were under the protection of authority, boys could be given back to his father or could be killed.

They were impressive warriors, their queens were great characters.