Arsemia: the summer capital of Commagene Empire

A relief from Arsemia ancient site

Commagene Empire was one of the states that Small Asia hosted. It was an important culture so they left us a great heritage for us such as Mt.Nemrut.

Arsemia ancient site was the summer capital and ruling center. Arsemia was founded by the founder of Commagene Arsames. It was founded on the edge of rivers and this site had fertile soils. Also there used to be a monument for the father of Emperor Antiochos I (Mithridathes Kalinikos).

A view of Arsemia ancient site

Also there used to be a cistern. The relief that is above describes the figure that Mithridathes Kalinikos (the father of Antiochos I) is shaking hand with Hercules Heracles. Also we can see the some codes on the surface of rock.

It is located in Adıyaman province of Turkey and is across the old Katha fortress.

Caves of Zey: Homes of early Christians

Small Asia was the geographical destination where Christianity grew up. Apostles visited here and promulgated Christianity in whole peninsula. Thanks to their effort, Christianity was shaped here.

Around Zey village of Adıyaman province, we see the caves that were houses of early Christians. Indeed they weren’t showy as Cappadocia but they survived here.

We can find traces of early Christians in various places.

Rock tombs of Sun God Helios

Haydaran Rock Tombs

This is the monumental rock tombs in Adıyaman province. This is the place that has a magnificent scenery.

Those rock tombs were built by carving the rocks. In addition to rock tombs, a relief was the attractive ones. King Antiochos shook hand with Sun God Helios. This was a sample of few monuments.

The relief that Antiochos and God Helios shook at the site

Perre ancient site and rock tombs

Perre ancient site

It is one of the less known ancient sites of Turkey. It is as important as Ephesus because it was one of the religious centers of ancient era.

It was one of five ancient sites of Commagene Kingdom. This site was famous for water springs nearby the city. Romans reported that it was a beautiful land with water springs. Perre site was one of the sites that sent delegate to Nicea for Bible assembly in Byzantine period. It was a busy stop point for traders and travelers. Also the graves were built by carving the rocks.

Perre ancient site

It is located in the border of Adıyaman province. It is one of the worth visiting places in Turkey.

Roman and Byzantine graves in a state field

The panorama of the land

Some of the archeological sites are in state fields. There are Roman and Byzantine graves in a state field that is used by agriculture and livestock ministry.

There are damaged Roman and Byzantine graveyards. Also the graveyards were built with layers. It is thought that this land was a necropolis in the ancient era.

This land has a historical background.

Phrygian Rock Tombs:

Phrygian Rock Tomb

Phrygian rock tombs are important archeological items in this landscape. One of them is in Central Anatolia region of Turkey.

This tomb was built as two rooms and second room was an extra room. There was an relief that described the tomb’s features. Unfortunately due to the lack of archeological excavation, we have insufficient information on this landscape.

It can be considered as a monument tomb.

A Roman settlement area and necropolis

The Roman Necropolis ruins

In addition to official archeological sites, there are more unofficial sites in Turkey. One of them is in Central Anatolia.

This site was used as Roman settlement area and necropolis. Illegal excavation caused damages on tombs and bodies. The tombs were shattered and bones were fell apart. It is thought that this area was built in early Roman age. Due to the absence of legal archeological excavation, we don’t have sufficient information on this area.

Shattered tombs

This area is located in country side of Eskişehir province. The authorities should notice here so we can have more information on Roman age of Small Asia.

Eumania ancient site; A site near the spring

The spring nearby Eumania ancient site

As we know, the sites had been built nearby springs or rivers in the past. Water had a vital meaning for city life, indeed we have the same rule at present. Eumania was the site that was in this group. Indeed it was a small site but it had a military base in the region. There used to be a fortress on the peak of the hill. The skirts of the hill was used as necropolis.

Eumania ancient site ruins

This ancient site requires more archeological interest because it has more to inform us about historical background of the region.

Şar ancient site; A religious center for Hittites

Şar ancient site- Adana

This landscape hosts many religious sites that have historical importance. This fact proves us that this peninsula has many valuable information to uncover. This ancient site is in that group. Şar ancient site that is located in Adana province is dated back to Hittites. It was one of top religious centers. It has many valuable monuments in the field.

Şar city was built by Hittites and it was one of two religious centers that was named as ” Clichian Komana”. Also Hittite kings came here to join religious rituals. Temple had the fertile fields so it had a good income. Priest of the temple managed this income. This priest was the second man on the protocol after the Hittite King, also this priest was the member of royal family.

Church gate at Şar ancient site

East Roman Empire had a church built here. It was a glorious building. Unfortunately it was collapsed by a lighting. The walls were decorated with icons.

Theater of Şar ancient site

One of the monumental building was the theater of the site. It was built with Roman engineering. It was one of the oldest theaters in Small Asia. It had a glorious appearance. There were underground rooms for various purposes such as cages for wild animals.

A great figure from Şar ancient site

I recommend you to visit this ancient site due to its importance.

Rock cut Tomb of Kyros; Persian were in Phokaia….

Rock cut tomb of Kyros

Persians moved to Aegean coasts of Small Asia. They wanted to have a wide empire and also they wanted to collapse all states in their route. They invaded Phokaia. Persian Emperor Kyros died here and they had a monumental tomb built in the end of 5th century BC. It was so glorious that it has been standing for centuries.

The other side of Rock cut Tomb

It is located in Foça district of Izmir province. It is one of few Persian monuments in Small Asia.